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Mouse River Journal
Towner, North Dakota
February 16, 1934     Mouse River Journal
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February 16, 1934

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MOUSE RIVER FARMERS PRESS News Review of Current a~ ords of retail distribution indicate Events the World Over that consumerbuyingwasthelargest in three years. Industrial production averaged about ~ per cent higher 4, than January, 1933. Automobile fac- tories, steel plants and textile mills all were expanding their production and calling back their workers. In Devaluatlon of Dollar Brings Flood of Gold to )~merica~ many other industries the improve- NRA and Steel Industry--Planning for More Foreign Loans. By DEVALUATIONof thedollar, andthe purchaseofgoldat $,35 a fine onnce caused a turmoil in the world's money markets and an immediate result was a great flow of gold bul- lion from Europe to the United States. The pound sterling and the franc made gains, but not big enough to suit Presi- dent Roosevelt and his monetary advis- ers. Later both the pound and franc de- clined again, and the confusion was made Prof, Warren greater. The French were alarmed by the drain on their gold and expressed intense resentment against the American policy, charging that the administration was making de. Uberate efforts to embarrass France. For the time being the administra- tion was prevented from driving the dollar down to its projected parity points in foreign exchanges by the ris- lug tide of American dollars flowing back to this country. But most of Its financial experts were confident that the 59.06 cents value would be made to prevail after a reasonable time to allow for the shakedown. As for the $35 an ounce for gold, it is the opinion of Prof. George F. War- ten, chief deviser of the experiment that is under way, that the figure ~must be raised If prices of commodi- ties are to be put up materially. Frank E. Gannett, the Rochester newspaper l~ubllsher, after a visit to the White House and talking with both the President and Professor Warren, said in his Rochester Times-Union that he had been convinced by those conver- utlons "that we shall continue to raise the price of gold" and that the $35 figure probably would only in preventing prices from slip- ping and ~ould hardly be expected to raise them much. By the President's devaluation stroke it treasury deficit of $1,900,000,000 was transformed overnight into a surplus of $973,716,937. The cut in gold con- tent of the dollar produced a dollar profit of $2,805,512,060.87 as of Feb- runty I and a record cash balance of $4,484,716,1~.16, pending deduction of the $2,000,000,000 stabilization fund. The profit on the gold was p4~d into the general fund of the treasury, and the new dollar value of the treasury gold supply was written into the books at $7,018,263,925.70. The surplus did not alter the official outlook for a deficit of approximately that amount at the close of the current fiscal year, June 80, in view of the extraordinary expenditures of the President's recov- ery program, N RA and the steel industry came Into sharp conflict, and the NRA to a certain extent backed down. Ex- ecutives of all the leading steel com- panies met and con- sidered the claim of the national labor board to authority given by the Presi- dent to conduct elec- tions for employee representatives when tt ,, a substantial num- ber request that ac- ~tlon, To this the steel men took excep- tion. They Issued a statement saying the Gen. Johnson Industry intends "to resist all attacks" upon company unions and that it holds that the present plan of employee rep- resentation complies with the NRA. The statement, however, declared the steel industry "is co-operating whole- l~eartedly with the President in his el- :torts for national recovery and sub- scribes l~ully to the principle of collec. tire bargaining as provided In section 7 (a) of the national recovery act." The NRA had given out a press ~atement Implying that all company anions are dominated by employers. This drew sharp criticism, and the statement was retracted. Administra- tor Johnson and NRA Counsel Don. ald Rlchberg upheld the right of the labor board as stated above. They as. netted, however, that the executive or- der which said that representatives elected by a majority of workers "have been timreby designated to represent all the employees," does not abridge the rights Of labor minorities to con- duct negotiations with employers. It was indicated unofficially that this reference was made to prevent either side from claiming an election ~nrepreeentatlve because its adherents 8rayed away from the polls. The NRA ~atoment said that while selection of ~aJority r~Preientativea does not re- rtrict legal rights of smaMer groups to deal Aeparetely with employees, "as a practical proposition," neither the employer nor the labor board could be expected to deal with "an Indefi- nite number of employee representa- tives expressing every possible variety Of opinion." anti-trust laws by the NRA, won EDWARD W. PICKARD NRA code. This report already ~as been made to the President but It has not been given to the public. The Borah resolution also asked for a study of increases in gasoline prices, O NLY one representatlve voted "no" when the house of repre- sentatives passed on the bill to ap- propriate $950,000.000 for continuation off CWA and direct relief activities. The lone opponent was Itepresentatlve George B. Terrill of Texas, Democrat. The money Is to be used by the fed- eral emergency relief admlnistratlon for keeping up the federal dole to the Idle for another year and for continu- Ing the Civil Works administration un- til the early part of May. About 500 millions is to be used for the former purpose, it was said, and about 450 for the CWA. W ITH little debate the senate passed the bill introduced by Sen- ator Hiram Johnson of California which is designed to prevent the float. lug in America of pri- vate loans to coun- tries now defaulting on past debts. Before passing It, the sena- tors amended the measure so that it would not hamper the President's new scheme to grant to foreign nations loans with which to buy American goods. A Sen. Hiram proviso was written in Johnson declaring that loans to foreign defaulters could still be made by government owned corpora- tions. As It now stands, however, the bill puts in the hands of the admlnlstra. tion its most powerful weapon for forcing payment of defaulted war debts. No defaulting nation may float any private loan in this country, and any American aiding in the illegal flotation of a private loan to a de- faulter would be llable to five years in Jail and $10,000 in fines. According to Chairman Jesse Jones of the RFC, the President's plan for the creation of a trading bank which will partially underwrite ex- tension of credits to foreign purchas- ers of American goods. The bank would be entirely owned by the govern- ment, so the arrangement would act- ually be a partial government guar- antee of payment to the American producer. The bank would be a di- vision of the RFC. The scheme is devised mainly to promote trade with Russia and it is hoped the Soviet re- public will take much of our surplus farm and Industrial products. W ILLIAM P. M'CRACKEN, who was assistant secretary of com- merce for aeronautics in the Hoover administration, and three air line offi- cials got into a Jam with the senate com- mittee that is investi. gating air mail con. tracts. All four of them were cited to ap- pear before the senate to show cause why ~hey should not be shed for contempt. McCracken practices law in Washington. The others are L. ~H. Brtttin, vice president W.P. of Northwest A I r. MCrscken ways; Harris M. Hanshue, president of Western Air Express, and Gilbert Glvvin, Hanshue's secretary. Mc- Cracken hue been under technical ar- rest but this was vacated. Chairman Black's report to the sen- ate showed that Brittle, admitted that he had removed from McCracken's of- fice and destroyed subpoenaed corre. spondonce; and also that Oivvln, on order from Hanshue, had removed con- fidential papers since recovered by the committee. Senator Black also told the senate that testimony before the committee showed post office contracts had been awarded "collusively and fraudulent- ly" and tint former Postmaster Gen. eral Brown and McCracken partici- pated in a "secret meeting" held In a room adjacent to Brown's Post Office department office at which the coun. try was divided into certain mail routes and contracts were distributed among "particular" operating com. panics. The chairman declared,that Brown was a "heavy stockholder" in the Pennsylvania railroad and other com- panies interested in aviation, and charged that the practice of distrib- uting contracts "In secret" was a viola- of the law ~ I N A unanimous opinion the Supreme Court of the United States held that all persons accused of violating the late national prohibition laws and whose ~asea had not been finally ade indicated by December 5 last, when the Eighteenth amendment was re. pealed should be set free The opinion held that repeal canceled the power of prosecution. ~o the Department of ~us- them -Were 9,576 prohibition sent was marked. Building, despite the marked improvement over a year ago, resulting chiefly from government expenditures, has not yet stepped up sufficiently to give producers of build- Ing materials any pronounced stim- ulus. R OYALISTS, organizations of war veterans, young patriots, and, of course, the ever active Communists, were doing their best to upset the gov- ernment of Premier Daladier In France, and many of them were even hopeful of overthrowing the re- public--all resulting from the Bayonne bond scandal that caused the downfall of Chautemps. The immediate cause of the turmoil was the Edouard ousting of Jean Chl- Daladier appe as prefect of police of Paris. This Corsican politician has many powerful friends and they and the opponents of Daladier held the premier was making Chlappe the scapegoat In the Bayonne affair. The latter's enthusiastl~ friends started a series of riotous demonstra- tions and the situation became so threatening that heavy reinforcements of troops were brought into the city from nearby garrisons. It was.feared the police could not handle the mani- festations expected when Daladier should present his new ministry to parliament. JUST as the Soviet Russian govern- ment always denies responsibility for the dolngs of the Communist party with which It Is identical so Chancel- lor Hitler disclaims responsibility, for himself and the government of Ger- many, for the Nazi campaign of vie- ]ence in Austria. In neither case is the world deceived. But realization of the truth doesn't help poor Austria, and the big European powers do not seem inclined to interfere When the German-Pollsh treaty was signed, Hit- ler surrendered the German claims to the Polish corridor for at least ten years. To compensate the Germans, he appears determined to incorporate Austrla In his National Socialist state. If it comes to a matter of armed con- filct---and It well nmy~Austrla will be helpless, She has made an appeal to the League of Nations, but Germany doesn't recognize the league any longer. Prince Ernst yon Starhemberg, lead- er of the Austrian helmwehr, the armed home guard, and other patriotic leaders are not wholly trustful of Chancellor Dollfusa' ability to with- stand the Nazi attacks, and perhaps they doubt his good faith. The helm- wehr has virtually taken possession of the Austrian Tyrol, where the Nazi propagandists have been especially ac- tive. The guard occupied Innsbruck and a ~'ommlssion of helmwehr, peas- ant league and Catholic storm troop leaders was formed to replace the elected provincial government. Foreign ministers of Greece, Ru- mania, Turkey and Jugoslavia com- pleted their negotiations in Belgrade and Initialed the much discussed Bal- kan treaty which is intended to guar- antee territorial security to its mem- bers for ten years. Bulgaria and Al- bania were not represented but both may sign the pact later. The text of the treaty was not made public Imme- diately. OGDEN L. MILLS, who, whether or not you like hlm, is one of the most forceful leaders of the Repub- lican party, has often been spoken of as a possible or even probable candi- date for the G, O. P. Presidential none inatiou in 1936. But the New Yorker has now removed himself from that category. While in CaLifornia to see Herbert Hoover and others, Mr. Milts told the press "I most certainly have no intention of becoming a ~andldate Nor will I mix in local or factional politics." Saying he Is not opposed to the NRA and "all Its works," Mills cited his op- position to "its extension far beyond what I believe its original conception was, or, at least, ought to have been.~ Warning against "political control of the treasury," he said he felt Demo- cratic plans threatened impairment of the federal reserve system. THQSE who attempt to graft on the Public Works administration are going to have a hard time getting away with it, aqcording to Secretary ot the Interior Icke& Ad- dressing the conven~ tlon of the Associated General OontractorJ of America in Wash, Ington, the secretary warned them that Col~ luaion on bids for contracts or m a t e- rials, skimping on ma- terials and doctoring of specifications so as to eliminate competi- tion would be uncov- 8ec'y Ickea ered by the government agencies and punlshed. He pointed to the indict- ment of l~eut. Gee. Nela O. Kraschel of Iow~ and an aesoc~ate as a sample bf what cheats mayfexpect. Criminal prol~Uflons'in slx cases Involving Comp]~dnts of graft in the Civil Works administration were or- by EVENT/OF THE WEEK Ttg~XJGilOtlT Till[ STATE TOLD IN BRIEF FORM Zap.~John Taylor Hutchinson, 24, /nJured In a coal mine explosion at ZaP, died in a Bismarck hospital. Cause of the explosion has not been determined. Kindred.~C. A. Knutson of Barrel Minn., after conferring with local business men announced he would in- stall a butter making plant soon. Operation is to begin about April 1. Harvey.~Harvey has been assured $25,000 of federal funds for paving highways No. 3 and No. 9 through the city limits. Surveys will begin April 1st, with construction foIlowlng short- ly after. RoHa.~Transfer of 244 acres of pri- vately owned land to International Peace Garden, Inc., was completed by recording the deeds with the Rolette county register of deeds. The land was purchased for $9,175. Wahpeton.--Funds were swelled by a carnival (Streets of Paris) sponsored by the American Legion and Auxilia- ry for the construction of a modern concrete swimming pool. The carnl. val was run three nights. Pemblna.--Customs officers in Min. nesota and North Dakota have been instructed to confiscate all intoxicat- Ing liquor brought into the United States unless the owner haJ a permit to transport liquor to a wet state. Mandan.--Charged with theft of II 16-gallon kegs of beer from a freight car in the railroad yards here, Mr. and Mrs. August Freeberg were sentenced to one year in the penitentiary when they plead guity to grand larceny cha~ges. Grand Forks. ~ Dr. Wallace N. Stearns. 68, noted author and teacher tn the field of biblical literature and education, died at Urbana, IlL Dr. Stearns was formerly director of the Wesley foundation movement at Wes- ley college, Grand Forks. Willlston.~Minnekosh Is the name chosen for the twin lakes constructed three relies north of Williston. The name was selected from 80 suggested at a benefit dance held to raise funds to pay the deficit incurred In the graY. ellng of the lake bed and beach. Enderlin.~Reuben Beard, 92, the last of Enderiln's Civil war veterans, died at his home here following a long illness. He fought In the Battle of Wilderness and saw active sere/ca throughout the Civil war. Beard was born in Castle Donnington, Lester. shire, England. Fargo.~Decision to throw the Red river open to spearing of rough fish at the Island Park dam to persons whe have Minnesota and North Da- kota 1934 fishing permits was reach- ed, following the discovery that thou- sands of fish are suffering from lack of oxygen in the river. Lakota.~Lakota's municipal light plant is still progressing and showing a profit each year. This is indicated in the annual report, the statement shows a net profit for last year amounting to $8,861.41. The plant was firstput into operation on Jan. 1, 1930, at a cost of a little less than $45,000,- O00. WiIHsten.~Williston will retain a souvenir to show for the $423.50 raised by the President's birthday party and forwarded to Washington. The check was hand lettered on parch- ment and is to be countersigned by President Roosevelt before presenta- tion for payment. The cancelled check will be framed. Mayvllle.~Recognition of services rendered during the 27 years he had been In the employ of the Standard, Oil company came to Peter Hanson when he was retired from active duty and awarded a pension by the com- pany. In the 27 years, Mr. Hanson has been Connected with the bulk ser- vice station at Mayville. Bottlneau,--According to L. S. Mat- thew, dendrologist, from the Bottineau School of Forestry, there are several species of trees standing on Masonic Island, Lake Metlgoshe" that have passed through two centuries and are well into the third. The aged species represent green ash, bur oak, Ameri- can elm, and white birch. Dawson.~J. A. Couter marked the 43rd anniversary of his coming to Dawson and laid claim for longest continuous residence of any person in Kidder county. Couter is 80. He claims to have installed the first tele- graph Instrument in Billings, Mont. Couter was an employee of the Nor- thern Pacific Railway company. M|not.~Prizea and special awards for annual North Dakota State Seed and Grain show in Minor, February 21, 22, and 23, will exceed those of. fered during any previous show, The awards range from a round trip ticket to the International show at Chicago In 1934, given by the Greater North Dakota association, to a $1 or ribbon prize. Langdon.~Langdon's contact wl~ the outside'is by meres of a short ~vave radio belonging to Dr. R, J. Rut. ten and he has been assigned the call letters, W9PRU. By means of his set he has contacted stations in prac- tically all the midwestern states. Mandan, ~ Robert Poppins, night watchman, was shot In the leg by two unidentified men who attempted to hold up the Western Auto company here. Popplna ~started to," his gun which was on ~ shelf behind the co~n. ter,'tite :tmtmfie~t~ then trine thr~ sliotl at 1~1. BEAUTY TALKS MARJORIE DUNCA N CARE OF HANDS AND ARMS IT WOULD be a very simple matter for every woman who oses a good skin food on face and neck (and every woman should, you know) to massage hands and arms too with a little of the cream. Notice the hands and arms of operators In beauty salons who give facial treatments--soft and smooth, aren't they? it is the constant contact with cream that does It. Try this treatment. At night ~efore retiring, wash bands and arms thor- oughly with a good nail brush, bland soap and warm water. Rinse very thoroughly in warm and then In cold water. Dry with a soft towel Next massage with a good-skin food or warm olive oil Or you can make a cream at borne, us'.ng equal p~rtions of olive oil cocoa butter and lanolin. Melt the cocos butter and lanolin in order to measur~ Then pour the three ingredi- ents into a clean container anu stir to a creamy consistency. When massaging the arms use a firm, rotary motio~ Pay special at- tention to the elbows, massaging the left elbow with thumb and third finger of right hand and vise versa. Leave a little of the cream on over- night to further soften the skirl Wear long cotton gloves, or cut the sleeves out of an old flannel nightgown, or use a clean, old pair of white stock- ings` This will avoid soiling bedclothes and at the same time give you full benefit of the creaming. In the morning, pat quite briskly with a pad of cotton moistened with iced skin tonic, or use a little witch hazel for the purpose. Massage the bands with the cream too, worRIng round and round and them firmly downward as though put- ting on a new pair of glovee For bleaching the hand~ dimming tan or freckles or removing fruit Juice stains. I~eep a bait lemon bandy. _this Is excellent for discolored elbows too. Rub the lemon over entire hand and arm. or dig nails into it. Do this be. fore massaging with cream and tin- mediately after follow wtth the ma~ sage to counteract any drying effect of the lemon Jult'~ Remember to wear gloves for household tasks as web as outdoors and to avoid harsi~ soaps and powders for washing dishes, scrub- bing, etc. For very quick action, if hands have been neglected and yon wlsh them to look lovely at short notice, many read. ere have reported excellent results from the use of a ready-prepared hand Jelly and whitener combination. HOME MANICURE pALE hands" pink-tipped, nails dili- gently eared for, add immeas~rsbly to feminine charm, grace and good grooming. Of course, it is best to have a week- ly, or twice monthly manicure by a professional This done. it is s very simple rustier to keep the nails tn perfect condition. Only a minute a day will be necessary to run an emery board over the outer edge. to pusb back the cuticle with s soi~ towel after washing the hands (this ~,hould be s habit) and to apply a bit of cu- ticle oil or nourishing cream along the nail bed. This decreases any danger of hangnails and makes it unnecessary to have the cntlcle cut frequently After massaging with the softening cream or oil an orange wood stick should be used around the base of the nail to keep the cuticle shapely and free. If you find it necessary to glee your- self a complete manicure at home you will need: s file. emery board, orange wood stick, cotton, cuticle remover. polish, nail white If you wisi~ cuticle scissors and buffer. First, remove any remaining pelisb with a small piece of cotton moistened tn the remover Then file and shape the nails` Remem. ber that the shape of the nails should conform with the shape of the fingers. Slightly pointed for taperin~ fingers; rounded for the stubby fingertip; oval for the average File from the sides to the center of the nail Now use the emery board, rough side first and fin- is~ with fine side to insure a perfect finish. Many of the finer beauty parlors- then buff the nails with dry polish. This step may be included if you wish The next step is soaking flngertllm in hot, soapy water and softening the cuticle ~ fingers thoroughly, each fingertip separately and gently push back the cuticle. If flesh under nail tip is badly discolored use a bleacl~ Equal parts of i~ydrogen peroxide, lemon Juice and ammonia. Or pow- dered pumice and peroxide to make a paste for very stubborn dlscoloru- tlons. Work this back and forth with pointed edge of orange wood stlclL wrapped in cotto~ One reason why hangnails form ~o soon after a manicure Is the fact that very often the cuticle removers used are quite drying. The soap and water soaking also swells the cmtlcle Faulty. manicuring may be the cause of the hangnail& Make it a point to maasage a little oUve oil or cream into the cuticle and nail base every night for s few minutes and I am sure you will not be troubled by the hangnails. ~. neU Sy,adte4tte.--WNU 8ervlcL Fought With Hot Water U. S. S. Fulton. first sleamer built for the United States navy. was in tended to throw hot water as wett at Herr;son Fisher in Portraying The artistry of a matd who concealed of hair with some odd inspiration that Fisher to draw the series of magazine the beauty of ca. He was known as a thousand pretty er married. Reared in BrooklyU, the Mark Hopkins Francisco, widely laud and on the knew the girl of the lng room and of the He was born Arthur period; he able world in coacbe~ and in the side and in linen flowing motor veils ouslnes. He felt the~ of the Spanish war, the World war well period of Victorian England, of Edward and Fisher portrayed ral prated. Thousands illustrations that point of his pen interesting generation, the American home treasures hanging abroad.---Cleveland Remarkable On the banks of the New Zealand. Is one of the strangest to ply the sea. It Is Yzabel, and Is built who plans to sall it has measured the fingers, and has handy while working, ring a text from the timber of the vessel. represents an angel Bible. The Ysabel is and rigged as a timbers were cut nnd ax, saw and plane out of an old file. will be supplied by propelling device If Pa HEIL~E AIM[ '1'1,111[ N~ iIndJ~mtlem e# Apm~tim Natures $ou~ Wi4AT 1~ If you have Acid worry about it. directions that cause headache, and. other distress. feel like a new But~be milk of genuine nesia. See that the LIPS'" is on ~M.SO IN TABi.Iff FOILM tablet is TO a2s.0o cents; half cents ~ 0, etC. Send dime M&NO - - To mua ~mdtt/~. diet vhich should II Wherev~ it o~t thel